Ukulele relatives and variations are instruments that are other forms of normal 4 strings Ukuleles, and other instruments that are a bit like Ukuleles.
This post gives you a quick and brief overview of the instruments, the Ukulele relatives and variations. You will also find links in the text to more information.
The post starts with instruments with 3 strings, and end up with the ones with 8 and even more strings.
So, the post will be about 3-strings Ukulele, Lap Steel Ukulele, Banjolele, Cavaquinho/Braguinha/Machete/ Minhoto, Timple, Rajão, 5-strings Ukulele, Guitalele, 6-strings Ukulele, 8-strings Ukulele, Taropach, Harp Ukulele and Twin-neck Ukulele.
On the other hand, if you want to read about the regular 4 strings Ukulele, you can read the post Ukulele types. (Go to the link!) In addition to the normal sizes, some manufacturers also make variants of the standard types with longer necks, just so you know 🙂
First of all it must be said that most of the information in this post comes from Wikipedia, Live Ukulele, Electric Ukulele Review, Git hub, Got A Ukulele, YouTube and suppliers, therefore there are links to more information on their sites where we have found the information, as mentioned. There are also some ads from Amazon.
3 string Ukulele/guitar
Common 3-string instruments are often guitars, such as Cigarbox guitars, but they also come in smaller sizes, so we can call them a kind of Ukulele. They are perfect for children because they are small and easy to play with. Examples: Donner 3-string guitar and Loog mini guitar. (The instrument in the video is a Loog.) #Ad Amazon!
Loog has GBE, so the transition to guitar shall be easier.
Another suggestion is: C4-G4-A4 – A simpler 3-string tuning for Ukulele. Play 25% of songs – with only two fingers!
There is also one that is called no G three string ukulele. Normally tuned, but without the G string.
Balalaika is another instrument in this category that can be a 3-strings tuned EEA, or 6-strings with 3 courses, but this is not directly related to Ukulele. The Balalaikas are tuned according to the size, but most of them are tuned EEA
Lap Steel Ukulele
Lap steel ukulele is in addition to be a method of playing the Ukulele, also a type of Ukulele. This kind of instrument is not a old type.
The strings are raised from the neck all the way, and the frets are just guides for the player, since the strings are not pressed down to the neck with the slide.
Wikipedia sorts the lap steel Ukuleles into three main types:
- Lap slide ukuleles, simply a ukulele with high action played with a slide
- Resonator ukuleles, particularly those with square necks.
- Electric lap steel ukuleles, generally solid-body instruments.
Lap slide and resonator ukuleles may also be fitted with pickups, but do not depend on electrical amplification to produce their sound.
The tuning can be as a normal Ukulele or FCFA as in the video at the link.
The Lap Steel Ukuleles are produced in different sizes and shapes. Here is another type:
Banjolele, Banjo Ukulele, Ukulele Banjo or Banjo Uke, comes with 4, 5 or 6 strings. The normal is 4 strings tuned like a regular ukulele. This is an instrument with a Banjo body and Ukulele neck, so you can call it a true hybrid. The first was made in 1917, and most popular in the 1920s and 1930s. More information here on the link. If you want to buy one or just look at the prices, follow this link: (#Ad)
The Banjolele is commonly tuned G–C–E–A (“C Tuning”) or A–D–F♯–B (“D Tuning”), so they are tuned like normal Ukuleles
The Ukulele relatives – Cavaquinho/Braguinha/Machete/ Minhoto
This bunch of instruments has 4 strings, traditional instruments, and with different names from different regions. They are very similar to each other, and very close to the Ukulele in shape and size, as well as being Ukulele relatives and ancestors. In fact, it was Braguinha who was the model for the ukulele. Read the Ukulele history on the link.
Machete from Madeira with steel strings, and a model for the Ukulele.
Braguinha is another version of the Machete, and considered as the direct forefather to the Ukulele.
Minhoto from the Minho region in Portugal
Cavaquinho is from Portugal and Madeira. Venezuelan concert cuatro is about the same, but the Brazilian version of Cavaquinho is, in fact, a bit bigger with a smaller version called Cavaco.
Normal tuning in Portugal: C G A D
Brazil: D G B D
- D A B E – Portuguese ancient tuning, made popular by Júlio Pereira
- G G B D
- A A C♯ E
- D G B E – used for solo parts in Brazil
- G D A E – mandolin tuning
- G C E A – ‘cavacolele’ tuning, the same as the soprano/tenor Ukulele
- D G B E – the same as the highest four strings in standard guitar tuning and for Baritone Ukulele.
Read more Wikipedia: Link
The Timple is a 5 strings traditional instrument from the Spanish Canary Islands outside Afrika, from the 19th century. So, this is an Ukulele relative from Spain, and not from Portugal.
On two of the Canary Islands, La Palma and in the north of Tenerife, they took away the fifth string and played them as a four-stringed Ukulele. Some says that it originally had just four stings.
GCEAD is the normal tuning of a Timpel.
Rajão – an ukulele relative
The Rajão is a 5-string instrument from the island of Madeira/Portugal, and one of the Ukulele relatives. You can also find them with 6 strings. The Rajão is also one of the instruments that was brought to Hawaii by the immigrants from Madeira, and inspired the development of the Ukulele.
The rajão is tuned to D4-G4-C4-E4-A4, but the 6 strings versions have the tuning D4-G4-C4-E4-A4-A4.
So, then we leave the Ukulele relatives, and continue with the Ukulele variations.
This is a Ukulele with double up of G strings, a course. A low and a high together. gG C E A
(One course is two string put close to each other, and plays as one.)
If you want to read a review of one of them you can find it at this link to Got A Ukulele. (By the way, this site is the most important site for reviews of Ukuleles.)
Guitalele is also called Guilele, Ukitar, Kīkū or Ukulele Guitar. It is a small guitar “a 1/4size”. About the same size as the larger ukuleles. This is a perfect guitar for traveling due to its size.
The tuning are ADGCEA, like the tuning of the requinto guitar. It is played as a guitar transposed to A.
If you are interested, this guy has several videos about guitalele on YouTube.
The 6-stings Ukulele must not be compared with the Guitalele, because this is a “normal” Ukulele but with 6 string.
A Guitalele is actually a small 6-string guitar, and a 6-string Ukulele is a Ukulele with double up on two of the strings. A four-course instrument. They can be tuned like this: g cC E Aa, or without the variation with low and high strings mostly for A.
The size is often like a Tenor.
8-strings Ukuleles are Ukuleles with double up of strings. Two of each. Four courses of two strings.
Most common tuned like this: gG cC EE AA (High and low G and C) Link
The size is like a Tenor or a Baritone. (#Ad) ( 8-string from Amazon on the link.)
Follow the link to Live Ukulele for information about tuning 5, 6 and 8-strings Ukuleles.
Another special ukulele is the Taropatch Ukulele, an eight-string instrument set in four courses of two strings each, which came out in 1916. The size is like a concert ukulele.
(Electric ukulele description of Tarapach))
The Tahitian Ukulele, also called Polynesian Ukulele or Tahitian Banjo, is a relatively recent invention. They are popular in Tahiti and eastern Polynesia (French Polynesia), Cook Islands and in the Marquesas Islands. It is 8 strings (fishing line) in four courses, tuned GCEA. (C and A are tuned one octave higher than a normal ukulele.)
The difference between Tahitian ukulele and other ukuleles is that it does not have a hollow soundbox. The body, the head and the neck is usually carved from a single piece of wood. It also have a wide conical hole bored through the middle. Alternatively they can be of three (or more) pieces of wood with the sides being made from different woods, for decoration.
The hole through the body is about 4 cm in diameter on the back and at the front it is about 10 cm in diameter. This hole is topped with a thin piece of wood, on which the bridge sits. In this way it is rather like a banjo with a wood-top.
In a way, the mandolin is somewhat similar to an eight-string ukulele. Mandolins normally have eight strings in four courses. The big difference is that there are steel strings, and the mandolin is tuned differently. GDAE. It is completely unlike any ukulele. The steel strings produce more sound than the ukulele’s nylon strings, and since there are steel strings, the mandolin is played with plectrums.
There are two main types of mandolins. Either with a round bottom (classic mandolin or Neapolitan mandolin), or with a flat bottom. They are designed after the larger mandola of the early 17th century.
In terms of price, a mandolin is usually more expensive than a ukulele.
You can see pictures at Amazon on the link: #Ad
This Ukulele can be with 4 + 2 strings, or 4 + 4 bass strings. The first versions came in the 1910s.
Or this aNueNue Harp Ukulele III E
Or this with 8 from Emerald Guitars:
Read more at Wikipedia at the link.
There are two types of harp ukulele according to Wikipedia:
- an ukulele with unfretted strings extending from the body, essentially forming a miniature harp guitar. (Not so common?)
- an ukulele with an “arm” extending from the upper part like them on the pictures over.
A very special combination is this from Blueberry GUITHARPULELE, that is a combined harp, guitar and Ukulele, with 2 necks and one arm.
Twin neck Ukulele
Twin neck, or double neck, is a type of ukulele that is actually two ukuleles that come together as one with two necks. This one in the picture is an 8-string and a 4-string together.
The necks can be parallel or with an angle between them, as it is in the picture.
Furthermore, other combinations can be a Bass Ukulele and a four-string Tenor Ukulele, or two four-string Ukuleles. (The last link explains the advantage of this constellation.) It can be electric or acoustic and also be a combination of a ukulele and a guitar.
Other different handmade Ukuleles
Finally, Basic Ukulele hope by this post you are a little more enlightened about the Ukulele relatives and different instruments that you can find around our dear normal Ukulele. As said before, follow the links for more information.
Other instruments that are a bit like Ukulele.
This is a Pipa. A Chinese four-string instrument with steel strings tuned AEDA. It can be dated back to the Qin Dynasty (221 – 207 BC).
A slightly larger instrument that you can see in the subsequent videos with a round body is called the Yueqin.
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Finnaly, Basic Ukulele was established in 2015 with the attention to making it easier for those interested to learn to play, or to get information about this wonderful instrument. Yes, we love the Ukulele!
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