Ukulele relatives and variations are instruments that are other forms of normal 4 strings Ukuleles, and other instruments that are a bit like Ukuleles.

This post gives you a quick and brief overview of the instruments, the Ukulele relatives and variations. You will also find links in the text to more information.

The post starts with instruments with 3 strings, and end up with the ones with 8 and even more strings.

So, the post will be about 3-strings Ukulele, Lap Steel Ukulele, Banjolele, Cavaquinho/Braguinha/Machete/ Minhoto, Timple, Rajão, 5-strings Ukulele, Guitalele, 6-strings Ukulele, 8-strings Ukulele, Taropach, Harp Ukulele and Twin-neck Ukulele.

On the other hand, if you want to read about the regular 4 strings Ukulele, you can read the post Ukulele types. (Go to the link!) In addition to the normal sizes, some manufacturers also make variants of the standard types with longer necks, just so you know 🙂

First of all it must be said that most of the information in this post comes from Wikipedia, Live Ukulele, Electric Ukulele Review, Git hub, Got A Ukulele, YouTube and suppliers, therefore there are links to more information on their sites where we have found the information, as mentioned. There are also some ads from Amazon.




3 string Ukulele/guitar

Common 3-string instruments are often guitars, such as Cigarbox guitars, but they also come in smaller sizes, so we can call them a kind of Ukulele. They are perfect for children because they are small and easy to play with. Examples: Donner 3-string guitar and Loog mini guitar. (The instrument in the video is a Loog.)

Tuning

Loog has GBE, so the transition to guitar shall be easier.

Another suggestion is: C4-G4-A4 – A simpler 3-string tuning for Ukulele. Play 25% of songs – with only two fingers!

There is also one that is called no G three string ukulele. Normally tuned, but without the G string.

Balalaika is another instrument in this category that can be a 3-strings tuned EEA, or 6-strings with 3 courses, but this is not directly related to Ukulele. The Balalaikas are tuned according to the size, but most of them are tuned EEA

Lap Steel Ukulele

Lap steel ukulele is in addition to be a method of playing the Ukulele, also a type of Ukulele. This kind of instrument is not a old type.

The strings are raised from the neck all the way, and the frets are just guides for the player, since the strings are not pressed down to the neck with the slide.

Wikipedia sorts the lap steel Ukuleles into three main types:

Lap slide and resonator ukuleles may also be fitted with pickups, but do not depend on electrical amplification to produce their sound.

The tuning can be as a normal Ukulele or FCFA as in the video at the link.

Lap steel ukulele Mya-Moe: Aaron Keim Artist Page
Mya-Moe: Aaron Keim Artist Page

The Lap Steel Ukuleles are produced in different sizes and shapes. Here is another type:



Banjolele

Banjolele, Banjo Ukulele, Ukulele Banjo or Banjo Uke, comes with 4, 5 or 6 strings. The normal is 4 strings tuned like a regular ukulele. This is an instrument with a Banjo body and Ukulele neck, so you can call it a true hybrid. The first was made in 1917, and most popular in the 1920s and 1930s. More information here on the link. If you want to buy one or just look at the prices, follow this link: (#Ad)

The Banjolele is commonly tuned G–C–E–A (“C Tuning”) or A–D–F♯–B (“D Tuning”), so they are tuned like normal Ukuleles

BANJO UKULELE SOLID PRO KELO TRAVEL BANJOLELE
BANJO UKULELE SOLID PRO KELO TRAVEL BANJOLELE

The Ukulele relatives – Cavaquinho/Braguinha/Machete/ Minhoto

This bunch of instruments has 4 strings, traditional instruments, and with different names from different regions. They are very similar to each other, and very close to the Ukulele in shape and size, as well as being Ukulele relatives and ancestors. In fact, it was Braguinha who was the model for the ukulele. Read the Ukulele history on the link.

Two cavquinhos Minho cavaquinho at left; Brazilian cavaquinho at right. Foto TenIslands
Two cavquinhos. Minho cavaquinho at left and Brazilian cavaquinho at right.

Machete from Madeira with steel strings, and a model for the Ukulele.

Braguinha is another version of the Machete, and considered as the direct forefather to the Ukulele.

Minhoto from the Minho region in Portugal

Cavaquinho is from Portugal and Madeira.  Venezuelan concert cuatro is about the same, but the Brazilian version of Cavaquinho is, in fact, a bit bigger with a smaller version called Cavaco.

Tuning:

Normal tuning in Portugal: C G A D

Brazil: D G B D

Other tunings:

  • D A B E – Portuguese ancient tuning, made popular by Júlio Pereira
  • G G B D
  • A A C E
  • D G B E – used for solo parts in Brazil
  • G D A E – mandolin tuning
  • G C E A – ‘cavacolele’ tuning, the same as the soprano/tenor Ukulele
  • D G B E – the same as the highest four strings in standard guitar tuning and for Baritone Ukulele.

Read more Wikipedia: Link




Timple

The Timple is a 5 strings traditional instrument from the Spanish Canary Islands outside Afrika, from the 19th century. So, this is an Ukulele relative from Spain, and not from Portugal.

Timple Basicukulele.com
Timple from Gran Canary

On two of the Canary Islands, La Palma and in the north of Tenerife, they took away the fifth string and played them as a four-stringed Ukulele. Some says that it originally had just four stings.

GCEAD is the normal tuning of a Timpel.

Rajão – an ukulele relative

The Rajão is a 5-string instrument from the island of Madeira/Portugal, and one of the Ukulele relatives. You can also find them with 6 strings. The Rajão is also one of the instruments that was brought to Hawaii by the immigrants from Madeira, and inspired the development of the Ukulele.

The rajão is tuned to D4-G4-C4-E4-A4, but the 6 strings versions have the tuning D4-G4-C4-E4-A4-A4.

Rajao Ukulele relatives Foto:By MatthewVanitas - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40947428
Rajão from Madeira and Portugal

So, then we leave the Ukulele relatives, and continue with the Ukulele variations.

5-strings Ukulele

This is a Ukulele with double up of G strings, a course. A low and a high together. gG C E A

(One course is two string put close to each other, and plays as one.)

If you want to read a review of one of them you can find it at this link to Got A Ukulele. (By the way, this site is the most important site for reviews of Ukuleles.)

5 string ukulele Foto Got A Ukulele
5 string ukulele Foto Got A Ukulele

Guitalele

Guitalele is also called Guilele, Ukitar, Kīkū or Ukulele Guitar. It is a small guitar “a 1/4size”. About the same size as the larger ukuleles. This is a perfect guitar for traveling due to its size.

The tuning are ADGCEA, like the tuning of the requinto guitar. It is played as a guitar transposed to A.

If you are interested, this guy has several videos about guitalele on YouTube.

6-string Ukulele

The 6-stings Ukulele must not be compared with the Guitalele, because this is a “normal” Ukulele but with 6 string.

A Guitalele is actually a small 6-string guitar, and a 6-string Ukulele is a Ukulele with double up on two of the strings. A four-course instrument. They can be tuned like this: g cC E Aa, or without the variation with low and high strings mostly for A.

The size is often like a Tenor.

8-stings Ukulele

8-strings Ukuleles are Ukuleles with double up of strings. Two of each. Four courses of two strings.

Most common tuned like this: gG cC EE AA (High and low G and C) Link

The size is like a Tenor or a Baritone. (#Ad) ( 8-string from Amazon on the link.)

Follow the link to Live Ukulele for information about tuning 5, 6 and 8-strings Ukuleles.

Taropatch

Another special ukulele is the Taropatch Ukulele, an eight-string instrument set in four courses of two strings each, which came out in 1916. The size is like a concert ukulele.

(Electric ukulele description of Tarapach))

Harp Ukulele

This Ukulele can be with 4 + 2 strings, or 4 + 4 bass strings. The first versions came in the 1910s.

Harp Ukulele by Wailua Instruments
Harp Ukulele by Wailua Instruments

Or this aNueNue Harp Ukulele III E

aNueNue Harp Ukulele III E
aNueNue Harp Ukulele III E

Or this with 8 from Emerald Guitars:

Read more at Wikipedia at the link.

There are two types of harp ukulele according to Wikipedia:

  • an ukulele with unfretted strings extending from the body, essentially forming a miniature harp guitar. (Not so common?) 
  • an ukulele with an “arm” extending from the upper part like them on the pictures over.

A very special combination is this from Blueberry GUITHARPULELE, that is a combined harp, guitar and Ukulele, with 2 necks and one arm.

Blueberry GUITHARPULELE



Twin neck Ukulele

Twin neck, or double neck, is a type of ukulele that is actually two ukuleles that come together as one with two necks. This one in the picture is an 8-string and a 4-string together.

The necks can be parallel or with an angle between them, as it is in the picture.

Ortega Hydra Twin-neck Tenor ukulele

Furthermore, other combinations can be a Bass Ukulele and a four-string Tenor Ukulele, or two four-string Ukuleles. (The last link explains the advantage of this constellation.) It can be electric or acoustic and also be a combination of a ukulele and a guitar.

Other different handmade Ukuleles

Bass guitar ukulele Foto Uke hunt
Foto: Uke hunt

Finally, Basic Ukulele hope by this post you are a little more enlightened about the Ukulele relatives and different instruments that you can find around our dear normal Ukulele. As said before, follow the links for more information.

Basic Ukulele hope you like and share this post!

PS:

If you need some lessons:

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Ukulele lessons for beginners. Hit the link and read more about this!

Learn to play ukulele

What about singing?

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I addition Basic Ukulele have an article about singing at the end of the post Learn to play.

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