This article is about Baritone Ukulele tuning. It also explains how to tune all sorts of Ukuleles (This is article two regarding tuning.) You will also learn how temperature and humidity affect the tuning.
Tuning a Baritone Ukulele is similar to tuning any other Ukulele. The only difference is that the standard tuning for a Baritone Ukulele is D3 G3 B3 E4, while the standard tuning for a Soprano Ukulele is G4 C4 E4 A4.
A Baritone Ukulele usually has 18 frets and a larger body than a Soprano, Concert or a Tenor Ukulele. This means it produces a deeper and richer sound than the higher-pitched ukuleles. (The Bass Ukulele is bigger than the Baritone.)
One reason why many guitar players like the Baritone Ukulele is that its tuning is the same as the top four strings of the guitar. The notes are D3 G3 B3 E4 (from low/deep to high). This tuning is linear, which means the strings go from low to high pitch. Some people also call this non-reentrant tuning.
However, if you prefer the regular Ukulele tuning, you can always change the strings and tune your Baritone Ukulele like a standard Ukulele with G C E A. This tuning is re-entrant, which means the 4th string is higher than the 3rd string.
Baritone Ukulele tuning or any other Ukulele. How to do it?
Tuner app for iPhone
Try Pocket Ukulele tuner for Android.
Another way to tune your Ukulele is to use a piano as a reference. For a Soprano Ukulele, the strings match these notes on the piano:
This tuning has a name: re-entrant. It means the sound does not go from low to high. If you want it to be linear, which is the usual way for a Baritone Ukulele, you can change the G string to a lower one. The notes would be G3 C4 E4 A4.
You can also find some tuning help on the internet from other sources besides us. For example, here is a video of how to tune a baritone ukulele:
Out of tune?
Your ukulele can go out of tune for many reasons. Some of them are new strings, temperature, humidity and so on. How often you need to tune it depends on these factors.
New strings usually need more tuning than old ones. (They haven’t stretched yet.)
When your ukulele is out of tune, you can usually hear that something is wrong. This is because some of the strings might be more out of tune than others. In that case, you have to follow the steps in this article on Baritone Ukulele Tuning again. You can play a ukulele out of tune, but we doubt you want it to sound bad if you’re playing for someone.
Some electric acoustic ukuleles have a built-in tuner, so you don’t have to buy one separately. With the built-in tuner, it is very easy to keep your ukulele in tune at all times.
How temperature and humidity affect the tuning of a ukulele
The tuning of a ukulele can be affected by temperature and humidity because they can make the wood of the ukulele expand or contract, which can change the tension of the strings. For example, low humidity can make the wood parts lose moisture and contract, which can tighten the strings and raise the pitch. On the other hand, high humidity can make the wood parts absorb moisture and expand, which can loosen the strings and lower the pitch. Moreover, rapid changes in temperature and humidity can also make components shift slightly, throwing your instrument out of tune.
To avoid this problem, you should keep your ukulele in a gig bag or a case when you are not playing it. You should also protect your ukulele from extreme or sudden changes in temperature and humidity, such as leaving it in a hot car or near a heater. Another option is to use a humidifier or a dehumidifier to control the humidity level in your room where you store your ukulele.
Links to other posts.
If you want some tips to remember the names of the strings, you can read our article on Ukulele string names.
Have you heard about Octave Ukulele? They are tuned one octave lower than a normal ukulele. You can read about it, and about strings, at our post about Ukulele Strings.
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